Download e-book for kindle: Sympathy: A Philosophical Analysis (Swansea Studies in by C. Taylor

By C. Taylor

ISBN-10: 0333987942

ISBN-13: 9780333987940

It's largely held in modern ethical philosophy that ethical organization has to be defined by way of a few extra simple account of human nature. This publication offers a basic problem to this view. particularly, it argues that sympathy, understood as an instantaneous and unthinking reaction to another's discomfort, performs a constitutive position in our notion of what it really is to be human, and in particular in that perception of human existence on which whatever we'd name an ethical lifestyles relies.

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Com - licensed to University of St Andrews - PalgraveConnect - 2011-09-24 28 Sympathy: A Philosophical Analysis the personal practical judgement `I should do Y' can be represented by my acceptance of a justification for doing Y, then Nagel thinks the motivational content of the impersonal practical judgement `CT should do Y' can be represented by my acceptance of a justification for wanting or promoting an impersonally described end, that CT does Y. In the bomb example, where there are no conflicting impulses, my impersonal practical judgement entails my wanting that individual (whoever he is) to leave the building before the bomb goes off, but if I know I am that individual, it seems clear that this judgement can lead directly to my leaving the building.

Contrary to my suggestions, someone might argue that it is an essential feature of any moral life that we not only act towards other human beings in certain ways, but that we act on the basis of the right kind of reason. That distinction, it might be thought, is crucial if we are to account adequately for the distinctive nature of moral agency. ' However a complete response to this concern requires me to answer a second, although related, question: How are we to determine, if not by reference to an agent's reasons, which primitive responses are to count as moral responses?

What is more, that intuition can be expressed in talking about objective interests and corresponding objective reasons. However, I suggest that Nagel fails adequately to consider what is actually involved in our recognition of the interests that human beings have and to which one might assign objective value. 33 To that extent, he provides an inadequate account of what is involved in having, as he puts it, `a moral position'. ' 3. com - licensed to University of St Andrews - PalgraveConnect - 2011-09-24 Rational Altruism 31 32 Sympathy: A Philosophical Analysis `Now what I want is Facts.

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Sympathy: A Philosophical Analysis (Swansea Studies in Philosophy) by C. Taylor

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