Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial - download pdf or read online

By Mark Turner (auth.), David H. Helman (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9048184509

ISBN-13: 9789048184507

ISBN-10: 9401578117

ISBN-13: 9789401578110

In the previous couple of years, there was a massive volume of job within the examine of analogy and metaphor. this is often partially due to an curiosity of synthetic intelligence researchers in simulating studying procedures utilizing analogy. It additionally arises from severe examinations of ordinary theories within the philosophy of language, with their in-built literal/meta­ phoric contrast. This quantity contains contemporary formerly unpub­ lished paintings during this quarter, with a specific emphasis upon the function of analogies in reasoning and, extra mostly, their function in concept and language. The papers are contributed by way of philosophers, computing device scientists, cognitive scientists and literary critics. Researchers in those fields whose concentration is the research of analogy and metaphor will locate a lot of curiosity during this quantity. those essays may also function an creation to a couple of the main ways taken within the research of analogy. As famous, this quantity brings jointly the paintings of researchers in different diverse disciplines. a number of the techniques occupied with admire to the certainty of analogy are typically particularly varied, despite the fact that, the articles recommend a typical end. Analogy and metaphor pervade suggestion and language; their shut research therefore constitutes a precious contribution to our knowing of folks. DAVID H. HELMAN Case Western Reserve collage vii half I CONCEPTUAL AND express THEORIES OF ANALOGICAL realizing MARK TURNER different types AND ANALOGIES i would like to pursue the subsequent claims: the best way we categorize is helping clarify the best way we realize a press release as an analogy.

Show description

Read or Download Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, and Philosophy PDF

Similar cognitive books

The Role of Communication in Learning To Model by Paul Brna, Michael Baker, Keith Stenning, Andree Tiberghien PDF

During this publication, a couple of specialists from quite a few disciplines have a look at 3 various strands in studying to version. They study the task of modeling from disparate theoretical standpoints, bearing in mind the person state of affairs of the members concerned. The chapters search to bridge the modeling of communique and the modeling of specific clinical domain names.

Download e-book for kindle: Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution by Ray Jackendoff

Already hailed as a masterpiece, Foundations of Language bargains a super overhaul of the final thirty-five years of analysis in generative linguistics and similar fields. "Few books relatively deserve the cliché 'this can be learn through each researcher within the field,'" writes Steven Pinker, writer of The Language intuition, "But Ray Jackendoff's Foundations of Language does.

Lusia Stopa's Imagery and the Threatened Self: Perspectives on Mental PDF

Imagery is critical in cognitive remedy simply because pictures usually set off powerful feelings, and imagery recommendations akin to imaginal reliving and imaginal rescripting are more and more utilized in healing remedies. Imagery and the Threatened Self considers the function that pictures of the self play in a few universal psychological illnesses and the way those photographs can be utilized to aid humans to get better.

Additional info for Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, and Philosophy

Example text

John is blind as a bat. are obviously not semantically equivalent to structures like (5) John is a blind bat. Despite these differences between metaphors and similes, the basic ingredients of the two figures of speech are the same: two noun phrases or nominal structures and their syntactic and semantic relationships. METAPHORICAL STYLE AS MESSAGE 43 Theoreticians of antiquity such as Greek or Sanskrit rhetoricians as well as recent analysts have recognized the general role played by the two basic structures in a metaphor, and the latter have used various labels for them such as "tenor" and ''vehicle,'' Richards (1936: 96), "principal subject" and "subsidiary subject," Black (1962: 39), "Argumentt" and "Argument2", Mack (1973: 59), "metaphrand" and "metaphier," Jaynes (1976: 48), "A" and "B," Lakoff and Johnson (1980: 153), and so on.

And Abelson, R. (1977), Scripts, Plans, Goals and Understanding, Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Schank, R. C. (1975), Conceptual Information Processing, New York: North-Holland. Schank, R. C. (1973), 'Identification of conceptualizations underlying natural language', in Computer Models of Thought and Language, ed. K. M. Colby, San Francisco CA: Freeman, pp. 187-247. Smith, E. E. and Medin, D. L. (1981), Categories and Concepts, Cambridge MA: Harvard U Press. MARK JOHNSON SOME CONSTRAINTS ON EMBODIED ANALOGICAL UNDERSTANDING Arguments over the cognitive status of analogy are strikingly similar to those that recur again and again in the endless debates about the reducibility of metaphor.

Notice that an analogy is generally not ambiguous because, as indicated earlier, it tends to be explicit through reliance on exposition. The meaning of a brief sentence like (6), however, cannot be equally clear when the context is not known. In addition to the possibilities of different metaphorical interpretations there is also the possibility that (6) refers to an actual ox named John; in that case the sentence is a literal statement, not a metaphor. The claim about the general assumption being appropriate only in relation to a specific language can easily be proved by translating (6) into some other language.

Download PDF sample

Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, and Philosophy by Mark Turner (auth.), David H. Helman (eds.)


by George
4.5

Rated 4.20 of 5 – based on 6 votes