By John W. Santrock
Expert and pushed by means of examine. At McGraw-Hill, we've got spent millions of hours with you and your scholars, operating to appreciate the major wishes and matters you face within the Human improvement direction. the most typical themes raised contain dealing with the immense volume of content material inherent to a Lifespan direction and making sure the dependability of the assigned fabric – is it present and actual? the results of this learn is John Santrock's A Topical method of Lifespan improvement, 7e.
Santrock guarantees scholars whole and comprehend the assigned fabric in a few methods: Santrock's hallmark studying targets pedagogy presents a accomplished roadmap to the textual content fabric, in actual fact declaring the middle thoughts primary to students' studying and function. McGraw-Hill's LearnSmart raises students' potency in learning via making a choice on what they understand and don't be aware of and gives rapid remediation, aiding them to benefit the cloth they're being affected by. The connections topic keeps within the seventh version, exhibiting scholars different facets of lifespan improvement and aiding them to higher comprehend the techniques. This routine subject of connections – Developmental Connections, Topical Connections, Connecting improvement to existence, Connecting with Careers, and Connections via learn – ties jointly suggestions from throughout chapters to augment the educational strategy and fasten the fabric to students' daily lives and destiny aspirations. McGraw-Hill's Milestones video and evaluation application is helping deliver the direction fabric to existence, so your scholars can witness genuine youngsters constructing through the years. and naturally, all of this fabric is expert by way of our particular board of professional members – a who's who of developmental psychology – who make sure the fabric is as actual and up to date as possible.
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Additional info for A Topical Approach to Life-Span Development
S. S. S. S. S. S. Census Bureau, 2011) Expanded coverage of intergenerational relationships, including a new discussion of the empty nest and its refilling Description of two recent studies that found middle-aged parents provided more support for their children than for their aging parents (Fingerman & others, 2011, 2012) Coverage of recent research that indicated affection and support, reflecting solidarity, were more prevalent in intergenerational relationships than ambivalence was (Hogerbrugge & Komter, 2012) New discussion of how more than 40 percent of middle-aged children (mainly daughters) provide care for their aging parents or parents-in-law (Blieszner & Roberto, 2012) • Description of a recent study that revealed peer rejection was linked to depression in adolescence (Platt, Kadosh, & Lau, 2013) • Discussion of recent meta-analyses that found being a victim of bullying in middle school was linked to having depression later in adolescence and emerging adulthood, and that bullying in middle school was associated with later engagement in antisocial and criminal behavior (Kim & others, 2011; Losel & Bender, 2011; Ttofi & others, 2011a, b) • Discussion of recent research revealing a higher level of depression and suicide in children who are the victims of bullying (Fisher & others, 2012; Lemstra & others, 2012) • Coverage of a recent study that found having supportive friends was linked to lower levels of bullying and victimization (Kendrick, Jutengren, & Stattin, 2012) • Description of a recent longitudinal study of more than 6,000 children that found a link between bullying/victimization and suicide ideation (Winsper & others, 2012) • Coverage of a recent study that found victims of peer bullying were more likely to develop symptoms of borderline personality disorder (Wolke & others, 2012) • New discussion of cyberbullying (Wright & Li, 2013) • Inclusion of recent research indicating that cyberbullying contributed to depression above and beyond the effects of traditional types of bullying (Bonanno & Hymel, 2013) • Description of a recent study linking bullying and moral disengagement (Obermann, 2011) • Updated and expanded coverage of the benefits of positive friendship relationships in adolescence (Harris, Qualter, & Robinson, 2013; Kendrick, Jutengren, & Stattin, 2012; Lopez, Gabbard, & Rodriques, 2013; Tucker & others, 2012; Waller & Rose, 2013; Way & Silverman, 2012) • Coverage of a recent meta-analysis that found a number of gender differences in adolescent girls’ and boys’ friendships (Gorrese & Ruggieri, 2012) • New Connecting with Adolescents box about adolescent girls’ friendships: “We Defined Each Other with Adjectives” • Coverage of a recent study that found students who engaged in aggressive-disruptive classroom behavior were more likely to have aggressive friends (Powers & Bierman, 2012) • Description of a recent study that found some adolescents who identified with certain crowds had more internalizing behavior problems, while others who identified with other crowds had more externalizing problems (Doornwaard & others, 2012) • New description of how play can provide an important context for the development of language and communication skills (Hirsh-Pasek & Golinkoff, 2013) • New discussion of concerns expressed by Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Roberta Golinkoff, and Dorothy Singer (Hirsh-Pasek & others, 2009; Singer, Golinkoff, & Hirsh-Pasek, 2006) about the declining amount of play in young children’s lives, and descriptions of the many positive cognitive and socioemotional outcomes that result from play Chapter 15: Peers and the Sociocultural World • • • • • • Description of a recent study that found autonomy from peers in adolescence produces mixed outcomes in emerging adulthood: (1) avoidance of problem behavior but (2) greater difficulty in establishing strong friendships (Allen, Chango, & Swedo, 2013) Coverage of a recent study linking association with peers who engaged in prosocial or deviant behavior at age 9 to selfcontrol at age 10 (Meldrum & Hay, 2012) Expanded discussion of negative influences of peers to include sexual activity and self-injury outcomes (Coley & others, 2013; You & others, 2013) New research that revealed in countries where family values are more important (India, for example), peer acceptance was less important for adolescents’ life satisfaction than in countries that place more importance on independence from the family (United States and Germany, for example) (Schwartz & others, 2012) Inclusion of recent research with young adolescent Latinas that found a peer-resistance skill-building involving avatar-based reality technology was effective in strengthening the girls’ peer-resistance skills and increasing their resistance to pressure into risky situations (Norris & others, 2013) New discussion of a recent study that found parent-adolescent attachment was associated with peer attachment (Cai & others, 2013) From the Author xxxv • • • • • • • • • • • • Discussion of a recent study that linked social isolation in late adulthood to a greater risk of being inactive, smoking, and engaging in other health-risk behaviors (Shankar & others, 2011) Description of recent longitudinal studies that found feelings of loneliness were linked with an earlier death (Luo & others, 2012; Perissinotto, Stijacic, Cenzer, & Covinsky, 2012) New description of a research study that revealed maximizing one’s psychological resources (self-efficacy and optimism) was linked to a higher quality of life in late adulthood (Bowling & Illiffe, 2011) Expanded discussion of successful aging, including information about the important agenda of continuing to improve our understanding of how people can live longer, healthier, more productive and satisfying lives (Beard & others, 2012; Freund, Nitikin, & Riediger, 2013) Discussion of a recent study across 62 countries that found reported aggressive behavior was higher in individualistic than in collectivistic countries (Bergmuller, 2013) Description of a new study of 8- to 12-year-old girls that found a higher level of media multitasking was linked to negative social well-being while a higher level of face-to-face communication was associated with a higher level of social well-being, such as social success, feeling normal, and having fewer friends whom parents perceived as a bad influence (Pea & others, 2012) Description of a recent study that found heavy media multitaskers were more likely to be depressed and to have social anxiety than their counterparts who engaged in a lower level of media multitasking (Becker, Alzahabi, & Hopwood, 2013) Inclusion of recent research indicating that individuals often engaged in media multitasking because they were less capable of blocking out distractions and focusing on a single task (Sanbonmatsu & others, 2013) Updated and expanded discussion that focuses on the increasing concern about the number of hours young children spend in media and screen time (De Decker & others, 2012; Zimmerman & others, 2012) Greatly expanded coverage of the influence of video games, including research that substantiates the negative effects of playing violent video games (DeWall, Anderson, & Bushman, 2013) but that also indicates positive child outcomes for prosocial skills after playing prosocial video games (Gentile & others, 2009), improved visuospatial skills (Schmidt & Vandewater, 2008), and weight loss for overweight adolescents following video game playing that requires exercise (Bond, Richards, & Calvert, 2013) New commentary noting that some critics conclude that the negative effects of video game violence have been overstated (Ferguson, 2013b), while other critics emphasize that too much attention has been given to the negative effects of video games and inadequate attention to research on possible positive outcomes for some types of video games (Adachi & Willoughby, 2013) Coverage of a recent study that found the more young adolescents engaged in screen time, the lower their academic achievement (Syvaoja & others, 2013) xxxvi From the Author • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Discussion of recent research indicating that greater screen time was associated with adolescent obesity (Mitchell & others, 2013) Description of a recent experimental research study that found overweight adolescents lost more weight following a 10-week competitive condition that involved playing the Nintendo Wii EA Sports Active video (Staiano, Abraham, & Calvert, 2012).
Adolescents through 2011, including gender and grade level percentages of ever having had intercourse, being currently sexually active, having had sexual intercourse before age 13, and having had sexual intercourse with four or more persons (Eaton & others, 2012) Updated data (2011) on the percentage of African American, Latino, and non-Latino White male and female adolescents who have ever experienced sexual intercourse (Eaton & others, 2012) Description of a recent study that found the following results: Of adolescent girls who initiated vaginal sex first, 31 percent reported having a teen pregnancy, whereas of those who initiated oral-genital sex first, only 8 percent reported having a teen pregnancy (Reese & others, 2013) Discussion of a recent study that confirmed early engagement in sexual intercourse is associated with high-risk sexual factors (becoming pregnant or causing a pregnancy, for example) as well as dating violence (Kaplan & others, 2013) Coverage of recent research in low-income neighborhoods that found caregiver hostility was linked to early sexual activity and sex with multiple partners, while caregiver warmth was related to later sexual initiation and a lower incidence of sex with multiple partners (Gardner, Martin, & Brooks-Gunn, 2012) From the Author xxxi • • • • • • • • • New commentary about the increase in “hooking up” during college (Holman & Sillars, 2012) Description of a recent study on the significant underreporting of rape in college women (Wolitzky-Taylor & others, 2011) New discussion of whether menopause is occurring earlier than in the past Coverage of recent research indicating that early-onset menopause is linked to cardiovascular disease and stroke (Kaur, Singh, & Ahula, 2012; Lubiszewska & others, 2012) Discussion of a recent research review indicating that there is no clear evidence that depressive disorders occur more frequently during menopause than at other times in a woman’s reproductive life (Judd, Hickey, & Bryant, 2012) Description of the recent conclusion that reduction of cardiovascular disease occurs when HRT is initiated before 60 years of age and/or within 10 years of menopause and continued for six years or more (Hodis & others, 2012) Updated coverage of recent research studies in a number of countries indicating that coinciding with the decreased use of HRT in recent years, research is mixed regarding effects on the incidence of breast cancer (Baber, 2011; Chlebowski & others, 2011; Gompel & Santen, 2012; Howell & Evans, 2011) Description of recent research that found how often middleaged adults engaged in sexual intercourse, the quality of their sexual life, and their interest in sex was linked to how healthy they were (Lindau & Gavrilova, 2010) New commentary about reductions in the number of older adults, especially the young old, who have problems with erectile dysfunction because of the recent development of drugs such as Viagra (Lowe & Costabile, 2012; Rubio-Aurioles & others, 2012) Chapter 13: Moral Development, Values, and Religion • • • • • Updated and expanded coverage of criticisms of Piaget’s view of young children’s moral development based on research indicating that young children often show a non-egocentric awareness of others’ intentions and know when someone violates a moral prohibition (Thompson, 2012) New coverage of Darcia Narváez and Tracy Gleason’s (2013) analysis of recent research on cohort effects that shows a decline in moral reasoning in college students Discussion of a recent study that demonstrated toddlers can learn to engage in prosocial behavior after watching a model respond to another person’s distress (Williamson, Donohue, & Tully, 2013) New description of research by Daniel Hart and his colleagues (Hart, 2005; Hart & others, 2011) regarding the difficulties poor urban youth have in developing a moral identity because of the contexts in which they live Inclusion of recent research showing that 3-year-olds were less likely to offer assistance to an adult they previously had observed being harmful to another person (Vaish, Carpenter, & Tomasello, 2010) xxxii From the Author • Updated coverage of the views of Nancy Eisenberg and her colleagues (2013) regarding parenting strategies that are likely to be linked to children behaving morally • Description of a recent study that found parents’ elicitation of toddlers’ emotion talk was linked to the toddlers’ engagement in prosocial behavior (Brownell & others, 2013) • New discussion of a recent study that found adolescents’ volunteering activity in the community was linked to higher levels of identity achievement (Crocetti, Jahromi, & Meeus, 2012) • Description of a recent study that revealed adolescents’ volunteer activities provided opportunities to explore and reason about moral issues (van Goethem, 2012) • New discussion of the important role that sympathy plays in motivating children’s prosocial behavior (Eisenberg, Spinrad, & Morris, 2013) • Discussion of a recent study that found mothers’, but not fathers’, authoritative parenting was associated with adolescents’ engagement in prosocial behavior one year later (PadillaWalker & others, 2012).
Krinsky, University of Southern Colorado; Richard P. Lanthier, George Washington University; Kathleen Lawler, University of Tennessee; Gary Leka, University of Texas—Pan American; Gloria Lopez, Sacramento City College; Salvador Macias III, University of South Carolina; James Marcia, Simon Fraser University; Carole Martin, Colorado College; Gabriela Martorell, Portland State University; Linda Mayes, Yale University; Lara Mayeux, University of Oklahoma—Norman; Monica McCoy, Converse College; Katrina McDaniel, Barton College; Sharon McNeely, Northeastern Illinois University; Gigliana Meltzi, New York University; Patricia A.
A Topical Approach to Life-Span Development by John W. Santrock