New PDF release: A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525

By L. R. Poos

ISBN-10: 0511522436

ISBN-13: 9780511522437

ISBN-10: 0521382602

ISBN-13: 9780521382601

ISBN-10: 0521531276

ISBN-13: 9780521531276

A Rural Society after the Black demise is a learn of rural social constitution within the English county of Essex among 1350 and 1500. It seeks to appreciate how, within the inhabitants cave in after the Black demise (1348-1349), a specific monetary atmosphere affected traditional people's lives within the components of migration, marriage and employment, and likewise contributed to styles of non secular nonconformity, agrarian riots and unrest, or even rural housing. The interval below scrutiny is frequently noticeable as a transitional period among 'medieval' and 'early-modern' England, yet within the mild of modern advances in English old demography, this research means that there has been extra continuity than swap in a few significantly very important elements of social constitution within the sector in query. one of the most crucial contributions of the e-book are its use of an unprecedentedly wide variety of unique manuscript files (estate and manorial documents, taxation and criminal-court documents, royal tenurial documents, and the files of church courts, wills etc.) and its software of present quantitative and comparative demographic tools.

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Extra info for A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525

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3. 7%) 1,695 110 76 53 45 2 7 21 53 Note: Townships whose returns entirely lack occupational data are omitted from this tabulation. Number of townships represented from each hundred: Chelmsford 12, Dunmow 13, Hinckford 45. 308. contemporaries regarded them primarily in these terms; a similarly small proportion of tenants in the Essex rentals of the period possessed more than 10 or 15 acres of arable land. At the other extreme, the much larger ranks of smallholders (plus the completely landless, excluded from the tenurial evidence) furnished the half or more of families in the district who were substantially dependent upon wages earned through working for others, in itself tantamount to the contemporary understanding of the word 'labourer'.

Middleton, 1309: BL MS Harley 1006 fos. 20-29V. 32. Great Waltham, 1328: BL Cotton Ch. 5. Margaretting (Fristling Hall), 1340: ERO D/DP M1411. People, land and occupations 17 [peciam] of land or a 'corner' [angulum], for example)17 that may generally be taken as implying in most cases very small holdings. 1 presents seven rentals from the sixty years before 1348, at the culmination of centuries of aggregate demographic growth in England at large. Although tenancy-size distributions were not absolutely uniform from manor to manor there was in fact a remarkably similar landholding profile in all these communities, from the quite small to the quite large.

25 m . 6 (King's Bench i n d i c t m e n t file, Essex, 1389), J o h n T a n n e r indicted for excessive profits; ibid, m . 839 ( W a l t h a m court, 15 May 1387), John Tanner's land acquisitions. 834 (Waltham leet, 29 May 1382). 28 'Country-dwellers, common folk and craftsmen' Nevertheless, on the other hand the property endowments of those persons termed in the documents by one or more variant of agriculturalist were typically of a wholly different order of magnitude. 46 Such is the picture that emerges from a variety of evidence from the fourteenth and early-to-mid-fifteenth centuries.

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A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525 by L. R. Poos

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